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J. Ocean Eng. Technol. 1998;12(2):79-86.
Gwak, Seung-Hyeon;
3차원 표면효과익의 자유표면 효과에 관한 수치연구
Key Words: NACA0012, PAR(Power Augmented Ram), MAC(Marker & Cell), Ground Effect, Free-Surface, WIG, Navier-Stokes
핵심용어: 지면효과, 자유표면, 표면효과익, 나비에스토크스, 양항력비
A three-dimensional WIG (Wing In Ground effect) moving above free surface is numerically studied by means of finite difference techniques. The air flow field around the WIG is analyzed by MAC (Marker & Cell) method, and interactions between WIG and the free surface are appeared as the variation of pressure distribution acting on the free surface. To analyze the wavemaking phenomena by those pressure distributions, the NS (Navier-Stokes) solver is employed in which nonlinearities of the free surface conditions can be included. Through the numerical simulation, Cp values and lift/drag ratio are carefully reviewed by changing the height/chord ratio. The section shape of model is NACA0012 with the span/chord ratio of 3.0. Through computational results, it is confirmed that the effect of free surface is small enough to treat it as a rigid wavy wall.
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